More information about cookies
WHAT IS A COOKIE?
A cookie is an inoffensive text file that your browser saves on your computer or mobile device when you visit the site. It enables the website to remember your actions and preferences over a period of time, so you don’t have to keep re-entering them whenever you come back to the site or browse from one page to another. Although people don’t know it, cookies have been used for more than 20 years, when the first browsers appeared for the World Wide Web.
WHAT A COOKIE IS NOT?
It is not a virus; it is not a Trojan; it is not a worm; it is not spam; nor it is spyware, nor does it open pop-ups.
WHAT INFORMATION DOES A COOKIE STORE?
Cookies do not usually sore sensitive information about you, such as credit card or banking information, photocopies, your ID number or personal information. The information saves is technical in nature, such as your personal preferences, the personalization of contents, etc.
The web server is not associated with you as a person, but rather your web browser. In fact, if you usually use Internet Explorer and try another browser such as Firefox or Chrome, you will notice that the web does not realize that you are the same person, as it is associated with the browser, not the person.
WHAT TYPES OF COOKIES ARE THERE?
- Technical Cookies: They are the most elemental; among other aspects, these differentiate between a human user and an automatic application, when the user is a registered or anonymous user, and other basic tasks for the operations of any dynamic web site.
- Analytical Cookies: These collect information about the type of search performed, the most used sections, products consulted, timeframe, language, etc.
- Publicity Cookies: These offer publicity based on an individual’s search, country of origin, language, etc.
WHAT ARE ONE’S OWN VS. THIRD-PARTY COOKIES?
Our own cookies are generated by the web site you are visiting while third-party cookies are generated by the external services or suppliers, such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
WHAT HAPPENS IF i DELETE THE COOKIES?
To understand the scope of events when you delete cookies, here are a few examples:
- You won’t be able to share the content of that web site on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The web site will not be able to adapt the contents to your personal preferences, as is the case with online stores.
- You will not be able to access the personal area of that web site, such as My Account, or My profile or My orders.
- Online Shopping: It would be impossible for you to shop online; you would have to phone in your order or go directly to the store, if that store is geographically available.
- You would not be able to personalize your geographic preferences such as time zone, currency or language.
- The web site could not perform web analysis regarding visits and web traffic, which hinder the competitiveness of the web site.
- You would not be able to write in the blog, upload pictures, publish comments, assess or score contents. The web site would not know if you are a human or an automatic application publishing spam.
- You would not be able to show sectored publicity, which would reduce income from web site publicity.
CAN COOKIES BE ELIMINATED?
YES. Not only can they be eliminated, but they can also be blocked, in general or specifically by a specific domain.
To eliminate cookies from a web site, you must go to the configuration of your browser, and from there, you can look for those associated with the domains in question and proceed to delete them.
CONFIGURING COOKIES for the most popular browsers
Here are instructions explaining how to access a specific cookie when using Chrome. Note: these steps could vary depending on the version of your navigator:
- Go to Configuration or Preferences on the File menu or click on the personalization icon that appears in the upper right-hand corner.
- You will see various options; click on Show Advanced options.
- Go to Privacy, Content configuration.
- Select All cookies and site data.
- A list of all the cookieswill appear, organized by domains. To facilitate finding the cookies of a given domain, introduce part or all of the address in the field Search cookies.
- After this filter, a screen will appear with one or several lines with the cookiesfor the requested web site. Now you only have to select the one you are interested and click on the X to delete it.
To access the configuration for cookies on Internet Explorer follow these steps (they could vary, depending on the version of your browser):
- Go to Tools, Internet Options
- Click on
- Move the bar until you adjust the desired level of privacy.
To access the Firefox cookie configuration, follow these steps (they could vary, depending on the version of your browser):
- Go to Optionsor Preferences depending on your operating system.
- Click on Privacy.
- In Recent,select Use a personalized configuration for Recent.
- See the option Accept cookies? Now you can activate or deactivate the cookies based on your own preferences.
To access the cookie configuration for Safari for OSX, follow these steps (they could vary, depending on the version of your browser):
- Go to Preferences, the Privacy.
- Use the option Block cookiesto adjust to the desired type of control.
To access the cookie configuration for Safari for iOS follow these steps (they could vary, depending on the version of your browser):
- Go to Settings, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security; use the option Block cookiesto adjust to the desired type of control.
To access the cookie configuration for Android, follow these steps (they could vary, depending on the version of your browser):
- Open your browser and click on Menu, then Settings.
- Go to Security and Privacy; use the option Accept cookiesto activate or deactivate the box.
To access the cookie configuration for Windows Phone follow these steps (they could vary, depending on the version of your browser):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Configuration
- Now you can activate or deactivate the box Allow cookies.